Architecture is the science as well as the art of designing a building or any physical structure. This is a unique field that combines art and culture, science and technology and even elements of business.
History has gifted us with amazing architectural marvels. The Colosseum, the Great Wall of China, the Great Pyramid of Giza (thought to be built by aliens) and many others give us a glimpse of our past and has paved the way for the future. The importance of architecture s in preserving culture and also in the advancement of Civilizations. Architecture is definitely interesting!
As a professional course it is lengthier than other bachelors’ programmes like arts and humanities. The duration of undergraduate study varies from country to country. The degree awarded is popularly known as ‘Bachelor in Architecture (Bachelors in Architecture). The course usually involves long hours of work in the form of studies, projects and design drawings.
Architects are work on:
- Developing ideas with the client
- Earmarking budgets
- Assessing the layout of the building and its impact on the local environment
- Working on building designs and projects
- Site selection and work in tandem with contractors on site
An architect’s job is also to ensure that the work is carried out to specific standards and above all, ensuring that the structure being built is sustainable, functional, and aesthetically pleasing
Direct Entry Requirements:
These are the conditions you need to fulfill to gain Direct Entry admission to study
Architecture, if you don’t intend to use UTME.
- Two (2) ‘A’ level passes chosen from Mathematics or Physics and Chemistry, Geography or Fine Arts.
- ND/HND upper credits in the relevant field.
The O’level subject combination and requirements needed to study Architecture;
Five (5) SSC credit passes in English Language, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and
any of Fine Art, Geography or Wood Work, Biology, Economics, Technical Drawing,
Further. Mathematics., Introduction to Building Construction, Bricklaying/Block laying,
Concreting, Wall, Floors and Ceiling Finishing, Joinery, Carpentary, Decorative Painting,
Lining, Sign and Design, Wall Hanging , Colour Mixing/Matching and Glazing,
Ceramics, Graphics Design, Graphic Printing, Basic Electricity.
In UTME, please note that English Language is Compulsory for this course. Therefore,
the three (3) other JAMB UTME subject combination needed to study Architecture:
Physics, Mathematics, and any of Chemistry, Geography, Art, Biology and Economics.
Skills and Competencies needed in Architecture
- design and drawing skills.
- a methodical, logical approach.
- analytical skills.
- excellent maths skills.
- communication and negotiating skills.
- imaginative and creative thinking skills
- ability to analyse and critically assess problems
- numeracy, design and drawing;
- IT skills, e.g. computer-aided design (CAD);
- project management skills;
- the ability to solve problems in an analytical, logical way;
- the ability to work as part of a team;
- written and oral communication in various settings;
- research skills;
- decision-making ability;
- adaptability and flexibility for dealing with unexpected situations where necessary;
- the ability to reflect on, and improve, your professional performance.
- ability to see the big picture as well as giving attention to the smallest detail
- ability to communicate effectively
- understanding of history, and cultural and environmental concerns
Career Opportunities and Job Prospects in Architecture
- Asset manager
- Construction manageer
- Disaster reliefer
- Furniture designer
- Industrial designer
- Interior designer
- Project manager
- Property developer
- Theatre designer
- Urban designer
- Urban planner
- Architectural technologist
- Interior and spatial designer
- Building surveyor
- Commercial/residential surveyor
- Construction manager
- Higher education lecturer
- Historic buildings inspector/conservation officer
- Landscape architect
- Planning and development surveyor
- Production designer, theatre/television/film
- Structural engineer
- Town planner
Institutions where you can study Architecture
- Abia State University
- Ahmadu Bello University
- Akanu Ibiam Federal Polytechnic
- Ambrose Alli University
- Anambra State University
- Bauchi State University
- Bayero University Kano
- Bells University of Technology
- Caleb University
- Caritas University
- Covenant University
- Crescent University
- Cross River State University of Technology
- Enugu State University of Science and Technology
- Federal University of Technology Akure
- Federal University of Technology Minna
- Federal University of Technology, Owerri
- Godfrey Okoye University
- Imo State University
- Joseph Ayo Babalola University
- Kaduna State university
- Kano University of Science and Technology
- Ladoke Akintola University of Technology
- Modibbo Adama University of Technology
- Nnamdi Azikiwe University
- Obafemi Awolowo University
- Olabisi Onabanjo University
- Rivers State University of Science and Technology
- Tansian University
- University of Ilorin
- University of Jos
- University of Lagos
- University of Nigeria
- University of Uyo
Students who complete their graduation can join a firm or start their own practice as an architect. The suggestion though, is to first work for a firm. This would give them much needed experience in dealing with clients and to cater for their needs and an understanding of the work involved and of the market. This knowledge will help when they want to start their own firm.